Exploring Different Adoption Types

By Maleah Adams 

At Adoption Choices of Missouri, we seek to empower birth mothers and provide them with the adoption knowledge they need to make a well-informed decision. If you have researched local adoption agencies previously, you may be aware of the terms open, semi-open, and closed adoption. These levels of openness refer to the amount of contact that is to be had between the birth parents, the adoptive family, and the child. And although these terms are more commonly used to describe adoption types, they nowhere near scratch the surface of what is available. 

Exploring the adoptive family types that exist (single parents, LGBTQ+ families, etc.) can provide you with peace of mind. It allows you to choose a family that most aligns with the future you have envisioned for your child. 

Domestic vs. International Adoption 

As you navigate unplanned pregnancy and consider adoption options, it’s important to be aware of the different types that are available. Being informed throughout the entire process allows you to find confidence in your decision. Understanding adoption, and all it entails, assists you in knowing that you made the best choice possible for you and your child. 

Please be aware that the information provided is for general knowledge only and does not constitute legal advice. Consult with an adoption attorney for specific legal guidance regarding your particular situation.

Domestic Adoption 

Domestic adoption refers to giving a child up for adoption within the same country where the birth mother resides. The process is governed by the laws of that country, and the child will be placed with an adoptive family that also lives within the same country. Listed below are some key points that birth mothers should know regarding domestic adoption. 

  • Control and Choices: You may have more say in which adoptive family adopts your child and the level of openness (open, semi-open, closed) you prefer. You also have access to more adoption services that may not be available in international adoption.  
  • Legal Process: The legal process for domestic adoption is subject to the country’s laws, potentially making it easier since it doesn’t involve international jurisdiction. 
  • Cultural Unity: Your child is more likely to grow up in a similar cultural and linguistic environment. 

International Adoption 

International adoption involves putting a baby up for adoption in one country, only for them to be placed with adoptive parents in a different country. This process is governed by the laws of both the child’s home country and the adoptive parent’s country. Which is an international agreement to safeguard intercountry adoptions (U.S. Department of State). Listed below are some key points that birth mothers should know regarding international adoption. 

  • Anonymity: There’s typically more anonymity in international adoption, which may be preferred by some birth mothers. 
  • Less Control: You might have less control over the choice of adoptive family and level of openness. 
  • Cultural Differences: The child may grow up in a different cultural environment, which could be a consideration depending on your wishes for your child’s upbringing. 

Adoptive Family Types Available in Missouri 

The adoptive family selection process is sacred and personalized to meet the needs of you, the birth mother, through domestic adoption. As you sort through potential adoptive parents, you will become aware of exactly what you are, and are not, looking for. When exploring these adoptive family types, it’s important to recognize the diversity and range of family structures accessible to your child. Below are the different adoptive family types available through adoption in Missouri

Older Parent Adoption

Families where one or both of the adoptive parents are older often have more life experience and are more financially stable. They provide a more mature perspective on parenting. 

Choosing a Younger Adoptive Parent

Choosing a family where the adoptive parents are younger than the typical parenting age may provide the child with a more modernized approach to parenting. But they also might face questions about financial stability and life experience. 

LGBTQ+ Adoptive Family

Choosing a family where one or both parents identify as LGBTQ+ can offer a broad-minded approach to family life. It can emphasize inclusivity and showcase resilience against societal “norms.” They may, however, face prejudices and legal issues in certain jurisdictions.

Single-Parent Adoption

This type refers to an individual who has chosen to adopt a child without a partner. They can provide your child with a loving home and undivided attention while also demonstrating strong independence. A single parent, however, may face societal scrutiny and challenges that arise from parenting on your own. 

Transracial Adoptive Family

Families where the adoptive parents and child are of different racial or ethnic backgrounds. Choosing this type of adoption offers a rich, multicultural environment for your child and promotes diversity. Adoptive parents will, however, have to address issues of identity and racism. This will allow the child to feel connected to their heritage.  

Choosing an Adoptive Family with Adoption Choices of Missouri

Adoption types offer unique benefits and drawbacks. But a loving, stable home matters most. After you choose which adoptive family best aligns with your wants for your baby, Adoption Choices of Missouri will work to ensure the rest of the process runs smoothly. Our team will assist you through the adoption process and provide you with any pregnancy help you may need. After you commit to the adoption, a personalized adoption plan will be created to align with your needs. 

Choosing a path for your child is deeply personal, fueled by love and happiness. It’s a testament to your strength, giving them the best shot at life and security.

If you are considering adoption for your baby, reach out to Adoption Choices of Missouri with any questions or concerns you may have. We will help you explore the unplanned pregnancy options that are available and go over any adoption information that may seem confusing. Contact us today. 


  • “ Understanding the Hague Convention.” U.S. Department of State, U.S. Department of State, travel.state.gov/content/travel/en/Intercountry-Adoption/Adoption-Process/understanding-the-hague-convention.html. Accessed 19 Mar. 2024.